Write a program to allow the user to enter integers into a two-dimensional array of size M × N.

The size of the rows and columns is also entered by the user.

Display the original matrix.

Now sort the integers column-wise in ascending order in the matrix, and display the resultant matrix.

## Sorting in the matrix itself

```
import java.io.*;
class SortColumns{
public static void main(String args[])throws IOException{
BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
System.out.print("Number of rows: ");
int m = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
System.out.print("Number of columns: ");
int n = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
int a[][] = new int[m][n];
System.out.println("Enter array elements:");
for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
a[i][j] = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
}
}
System.out.println("Original matrix:");
for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
System.out.print(a[i][j] + "\t");
}
System.out.println();
}
for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < m; j++){
for(int k = 0; k < m - 1 - j; k++){
if(a[k][i] > a[k + 1][i]){
int temp = a[k][i];
a[k][i] = a[k + 1][i];
a[k + 1][i] = temp;
}
}
}
}
System.out.println("Sorted matrix:");
for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
System.out.print(a[i][j] + "\t");
}
System.out.println();
}
}
}
```

## Sorting in a separate array

```
import java.io.*;
class SortColumns{
public static void main(String args[])throws IOException{
BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
System.out.print("Number of rows: ");
int m = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
System.out.print("Number of columns: ");
int n = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
if(m < 3 || m > 9 || n < 3 || n > 9){
System.out.println("Size out of range!");
return;
}
int a[][] = new int[m][n];
System.out.println("Enter array elements:");
for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
a[i][j] = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
}
}
System.out.println("Original matrix:");
for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
System.out.print(a[i][j] + "\t");
}
System.out.println();
}
for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){
int t[] = new int[m];
for(int j = 0; j < m; j++){
t[j] = a[j][i];
}
for(int p = 0; p < t.length; p++){
for(int q = 0; q < t.length - 1 - p; q++){
if(t[q] > t [q + 1]){
int temp = t[q];
t[q] = t[q + 1];
t[q + 1] = temp;
}
}
}
for(int j = 0; j < m; j++){
a[j][i] = t[j];
}
}
System.out.println("Sorted matrix:");
for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
System.out.print(a[i][j] + "\t");
}
System.out.println();
}
}
}
```

Sample Input & Output for the above program I sent is given:

M = 4

N = 3

Enter elements of matrix:

11

-2

3

5

16

7

9

0

4

3

1

8

Original Matrix:

11 -2 3

5 16 7

9 0 4

3 1 8

Matrix after sorting columns:

3 -2 3

5 0 4

9 1 7

11 16 8

How to solve the program by creating a single dimensional array and passing each elements in the column in a single dimensional array?

Refer to the second program in this post for sorting columns in a matrix using a separate one-dimensional array.

Can you show me the way how to write the program which I had mentioned?

Sure. I will soon be uploading it on my website.

Sir,a program is given which states that

Write a program to allow the user to enter integers into a two-dimensional array of size M × N.

The size of the rows and columns is also entered by the user.(M & N must be greater than 2 and less than 10)

Display the original matrix.

Now sort the integers column-wise in ascending order in the matrix, and display the resultant matrix.

How to solve the program by creating a single dimensional array and passing each elements in the column in a single dimensional array?